Chronology of the 20th Century


Title:                      Chronology of the 20th Century

Author:                  Philip Waller

Waller, Philip (1995) and John Rowett eds. Chronology of the 20th Century. Oxford, Great Britain: Helicon Publishing

LCCN:    96131168

D421 .C525 1995 Alc

Subjects

Date Updated:  June 26, 2015

This chronology presents a detailed year-by-year, month-by-month list of important events around the globe in the 20th century, and on the facing page, there is information on major areas of human achievement and concern.

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The Glory and the Dream


Title:                      The Glory and the Dream

Author:                 William Manchester

Manchester, William. The Glory and the Dream: A Narrative History of America, 1932-1972. Boston: Little, Brown and Company

LCCN:    74010617

E806 .M34

Subjects

Date Updated:  June 26, 2015

William Manchester bookends this sprawling, epic US history with two protests in the heart of Washington. He opens in 1930 at the rise of the Great Depression, with veterans across from the White House coldly shunned by President Herbert Hoover when asking for advance relief from the Great Depression, then brutally attacked by troops and national guardsmen led by Douglas MacArthur. He concludes with President Richard Nixon’s second inaugural in 1973 at Watergate’s rising, Vietnam demonstrators audible blocks away amidst calls for national unity and self-reliance.

In between, across 1300 pages, (excluding index and exhaustive bibliography) The Glory and the Dream chronicles the American Century’s meatiest, most eventful years (1932-72). Manchester details a diary for and about what he called the “swing generation” but whom ex-NBC-TV anchorman Tom Brokaw (who cited Manchester as an influence) christened “the Greatest Generation.”

These men and women endured and thrived through what, against Manchester’s narrative, seemed (except for the relatively tranquil late 1950s) a non-stop whirlwind of hardship. Painting in broad strokes by economic numbers Manchester reveals compelling pictures of the Depression, bank and crop failures, Franklin Roosevelt’s election and the New Deal, World War II, and the Korean and Cold Wars. He also includes near month by month chronicles and analysis on America’s roots and involvement in the Vietnam War and Watergate, which takes up most of the book’s final third. And of course, he addresses the still-shocking days of rage, murder, and decaying social fabric in the late 1960s.

Manchester’s storytelling is expertly paced, foreshadowing careers of 20th century icons like Nixon, JFK, Marilyn Monroe and even the Edsel. He traces their steps to the national stage and devotes personal “Portrait of An American” sections to many (including Dr. Benjamin Spock, Edward R Murrow, and Ralph Nader). He does this deftly balancing international, social, and economic views of day to day life, worked, and socialized, even addressing political and social extremists (50s beatniks, 60s hippies, John Birchers). Isolationist vs. internationalist foreign policy views, themes as recent as Iraq election, pops up throughout the book; virulent opposition to FDR’s war mobilization leads to the opposition to the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan. Vietnam’s civil war slowly creeps across several administrations beginning with Dwight Eisenhower’s, reaching the heart of American experience as the decade and book close.

Anyone knowing or having lived through part of the last half-century can reference America’s seismic events at a high level. To Manchester’s credit he reached deeper into the causes behind pop culture and historical touchstones like Nixon’s “Checkers” speech, 1968’s Vietnam My Lai massacre, the oft-overlooked 1936 hurricane crushing New England (and ineffective warnings against it), and Japan’s 1937 sinking of the USS Panay which foreshadowed Pearl Harbor. He draws dimensional character studies amidst the era’s scandals (the fall of Eisenhower right hand man Sherman Adams as one example). He allows you to understand personalities and issues behind history’s strongest feuds: President Harry Truman against union leader John Lewis (or MacArthur, or Joseph McCarthy…), between Southern governors and other leadership against Dr. Martin Luther King, the Freedom Riders, the Kennedy administration, and finally against the Black Panthers’ vicious 1960s anarchy. Finally, he chronicles the “silent majority” generation gap between Nixon/Agnew’s divisive, reactionary leadership team and a generation’s angry youth.

Before his death, Manchester wrote whole volumes on major figures included here (Winston Churchill, MacArthur, JFK). But given the relatively short time each is presented (except for FDR, who dominates the book’s first half ), Manchester masterfully retells individual personal style, social time, major accomplishments, blunders, and closure to their lives and histories. The Glory and the Dream is filled with protests after violent counter protests (which Manchester respects even when he does not agree), well-drawn, memorable characters more remarkable for being real life characters, and insightful side comments on issues like the role of the vice-presidency and American tolerance of dissent.

At its publication, Manchester himself called The Glory and the Dream the culmination of his career, and for once it was not hyperbole. Anyone wishing to understand American character must start here; The Glory and the Dream is the finest history-based book I’ve ever read, and one of the finest in any genre.

Chronicle of the 20th Century


Title:                      Chronicle of the 20th Century

Author:                   Clifton Daniel

Daniel,Clifton (1994), ed. in chief. Chronicle of the 20th Century: The Ultimate Record of Our Times. Liberty, MO: JL International Pub

LOC:       94213235

D422 .C53 1994

Date Posted:      August 6, 2013

This book, also available on a CD-ROM, provides a fabulous interactive view of the news, people, and trends for each day of our latest century. It invites you to step back into history to experience mankind’s triumphs and tragedies from the Wright Brother’s first flight to the Apollo moon landing… from the Great Depression to the Radical 60s to the present 90s.

The program begins in the 3-D Newsroom which is an interactive route into the Chronicle. As you move the browser across the screen, objects such as drawers, news clips, or the typewriter may move or make sounds. You can click on them to connect you to more news stories. The other areas of the Chronicle include the News Screens, the Calendar, Biographies, 20th Century in Focus, and Chronicle Online.

The 1,100 News Screens contain more than 6,000 news bits and stories written in the familiar tabloid format and a “you are there” style. The linked screens highlight the events month-by-month with News in Brief giving a day-to-day account of the century’ s events.

The Calendar is organized by decades and lists each year for each decade. Clicking on a year takes you to the corresponding News Screen.

The Biographies section contains over 100 biographies of the famous and sometimes infamous personalities of the century. The biography screens review the person’s life and achievements. A chronology button takes you to a pop-up chart of key dates and events in the person’s life.

20th Century in Focus examines, in-depth, 8 critical movements or conflicts which have shaped the world. This section contains excellent nostalgic video clips. If you are unsure where to begin, the program offers a random tour option. If you are looking for events on a specific date or topic, the powerful Search screen which allows keyword and date searches, will quickly connect you to the information. Finally, to keep you most up-to-date, the program features Chronicle Online which connects you to the Chronicle’s website for the latest news.

With over 6,000 news articles, 3,000 photographs, 90 archival sound clips, 70 videos, and 80 maps and animations, the Chronicle of the 20th Century CD-ROM is an ideal source for information and entertainment.