Title: John P. Holland
Author: Richard Knowles Morris
Morris, Richard Knowles (1998). John P. Holland, 1841-1914: Inventor of the Modern Submarine. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press
Date Posted: January 28, 2013
This book is essential for those interested in the development of the modern submarine. It took a great deal of determination by Holland to develop his concepts into a viable submersible. His Holland VI was the basis for at least three of the world’s naval powers’ submarines who purchased his example for their initial programs as the 20th century opened.
This book is the classic biography of the Clare Man whose technological innovations led to the launch of the first modem submarine in 1897 which made its first dive on St. Patrick’s Day 1898 and was purchased by the US Navy in 1900 as their first underwater torpedo boat. Dr. Morris draws on the diaries and technical papers of his grandfather, Charles Morris was a long-time friend and supporter of Holland and was the superintendent of the Holland Torpedo Boat Coy.
John Holland’s early life is recounted, the Fenians who funded his first two boats, his frustrations in dealing with the US Navy, the robbery of his patents and his final success with Boat No 6 in 1898. Negotiations with Britain, Japan and Russia for the Holland design submarines are told. It is an excellent read and a solid scholarly step towards (Holland’s) belated recognition – as the New York Times Book Review stated. It is the 3rd edition, with an extra new chapter.
Dr. Morris was a professor of Education and Anthropology at Trinity College Harford, Connecticut until his retirement and has written and co-authored several books